Sometimes, people refer to this as tooth extraction, which is a dental procedure during which the tooth is completely removed from its cavity. This is usually done by a general dentist, oral surgeon, or periodontist. Tooth extraction simply means removing an infected, decayed, or impacted tooth with the help of a dental professional. It is often the last resort after all other treatments have failed.
Simple tooth extraction involves the extraction of teeth that are visible in the mouth. General dentists usually perform this procedure in their dental offices, using a local anesthetic to numb the area and reduce the pain experienced by the patient. Dentists and some dental specialists, such as oral surgeons and periodontists, can perform tooth extractions. While tooth extraction involves pain, the dentist or oral surgeon can eliminate that pain with anesthesia during the extraction.
While many teens and some adults have their wisdom teeth removed, there are other reasons why tooth extraction may be necessary in adulthood. For example, the soft tissues that cover the tooth may be raised or that a drill or osteotome may be needed to remove part of the nearby jaw during the extraction procedure. Your dentist may want to make sure that all conditions are stable or treated before you have your tooth extracted. The tooth can then be moved back and forth until the periodontal ligament breaks enough to release the tooth from the alveolar bone so that it can be removed.
Sometimes, the dentist may need to make incisions in the gums to access the tooth, especially if the tooth is badly decayed or has broken at the gum line. If you've already had a tooth extraction, call your dentist if you have a fever of 38 degrees Celsius (100.4 degrees Fahrenheit) or higher, drainage (pus) around the extraction site, or severe pain that doesn't improve with medications. However, if treatment fails, the tooth will need to be extracted to prevent the infection from spreading to surrounding teeth. Tooth extraction is performed by a dentist or oral surgeon and is a relatively quick outpatient procedure with local, general, intravenous anesthesia, or a combination.
Specific diseases can have a profound effect on the shape, color of the teeth, the time of appearance, or the absence of teeth. However, if the decay is too deep, removing the tooth and replacing it with an implant or bridge may be the only option. But sometimes, extracting a tooth is the best way to get rid of the infection and get back to a healthy smile and life.